A study of association of serum ferritin as a prognostic marker in acute cerebrovascular accident


Original Article

Author Details : Mythreini B S*, Uthayasankar M.K, Sumanbabu I.S.S

Volume : 7, Issue : 4, Year : 2021

Article Page : 315-321

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijn.2021.058



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Abstract

Introduction: Cerebrovascular disease (CVD) is the third leading cause of death in developed countries and is now emerging as the commonest preventable life-threatening neurological problem worldwide. It makes an important contribution to morbidity and mortality in developed as well as developing countries. The prognosis of acute stroke is determined by a series of factors some of which may be used in the early stages of stroke to predict prognosis and mortality. However, the role of inflammatory markers in predicting functional outcome in stroke remains controversial, Iron and ferritin are known to have an important role in stroke as well as in other disorders. Serum ferritin which is considered as an acute phase reactant has also been used for assessing the severity and prognosis of stroke. Therefore, testing of serum ferritin is useful in identifying high risk patients.
Aims: 1: To study the effect of level of serum ferritin with early neurological deterioration and the outcome in patients of acute stroke. 2: Association of serum ferritin in ischemic and haemorrhagic stroke.
Materials and Methods: 50 patients with acute stroke were selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Appropriate questionnaire was used to collect the data of patients. Diagnosis of stroke was confirmed by CT or MRI scan of brain and examination was done by Canadian stroke scale at the time of admission. About 5ml of venous blood Sample from cubital vein was collected for measuring serum ferritin levels, it was performed within 48hrs of onset of symptoms by using CLIA method. Neurological assessment was repeated on the day of discharge to assess the clinical improvement and prognosis of the stroke patients.
Results: Totally 50 patients of acute stroke were included in our study, majority of the patients are males 35 (70%), and females are 15(30%). Approximately 36% were in the age group of 51-60 years. In this study ischemic stroke was seen in 45 (90%) of the patients and 5 (10%) had hemorrhagic stroke. The serum ferritin levels are normal in 41(82%) and high in 9(18%) of the patients. Canadian stroke scale interpretation on the day of discharge showed 20% of the patient are deteriorated, 66% are in the same status and 14% of the patients are improved clinically. The patients with haemorrhagic stroke had high serum ferritin level 60.0% and ischemic stroke are 13.3%. Those patients with high serum ferritin levels had higher deterioration in Canadian stroke scale (p<0>The mean serum ferritin levels are higher in deteriorated patients 199.29% when compared to other status group in Canadian stroke scale.
Conclusion: High levels of serum ferritin correlates well with early neurological deterioration of stroke patients. Based on this study finding, that high serum ferritin level within 48 hours after the onset of symptoms of stroke helps to predict the early prognosis. Therefore, testing of serum ferritin is useful in identifying high risk patients.

Keywords: Cerebrovascular accident, serum ferritin, Canadian stroke scale


How to cite : Mythreini B S, M.k U , I.s.s S , A study of association of serum ferritin as a prognostic marker in acute cerebrovascular accident. IP Indian J Neurosci 2021;7(4):315-321


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and IP Indian J Neurosci. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)





Article History

Received : 28-08-2021

Accepted : 08-09-2021

Available online : 05-01-2022


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijn.2021.058


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