A retrospective study - epidemiological analysis of traumatic spinal injuries in Rajasthan, India


Original Article

Author Details : Ram Avtar Malav, Gautam Chand*

Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Year : 2021

Article Page : 1-4

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijn.2021.001



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Abstract

Background and Aims: Traumatic spinal injuries (TSI) are major source of morbidity and motility throughout the world. Epidemiological study of TSI has an important role in future planning for prevention and management of them. Aim of this study was determine epidemiology of TSI in Jhalawar Rajasthan state of India.
Materials and Methods: Retrospective analysis of patients hospital data records, admitted in Jhalawar medical college Rajasthan from January 2018 to Dec. 20019 (Period of Two Years).
Result: One hundred and fifty eight cases of traumatic spinal injuries reported in period of two years from January 2018 to December 2019.
Male to female ratio was 2.16:1, the most prevent age group was 30-39 years (27.8%) followed by 20-29 years (19%). Fall from height (unprotected roof, well, tree, construction site/electric pole) was most common mode of injuries (44.9%) followed by road traffic accidents (43%). Most common level of injury was lumbar spine (55%) followed by thoracic spine (22.78%). Other associated injuries with TSI were head injuries (9.5%) and extremities injuries (9.5%). Maximum number of TSI cases was reported during summer season (may-14.5% and June 15.8%).
Conclusions: TSI is major source of morbidity and mortality in Rajasthan India. Younger age group and Male are more commonly affected as compare to older age group and female. Accidental fall and RTA are major cause of TSI.

Keywords: Epidemiology, Rajasthan, India, Traumatic spinal injuries.


How to cite : Malav R A, Chand G , A retrospective study - epidemiological analysis of traumatic spinal injuries in Rajasthan, India. IP Indian J Neurosci 2021;7(1):1-4


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and IP Indian J Neurosci. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)



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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijn.2021.001


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